Designing a scalable IoT cloud architecture for IoT sensors of 10,000 with a web application frontend that will display that data in real-time on AWS can be accomplished through the following steps:
- Sensor Data Collection: The IoT sensor data can be collected through various means such as MQTT, HTTP, or CoAP protocols, which can be received by an MQTT broker such as Mosquitto, AWS IoT Core, or RabbitMQ. AWS IoT Core provides an MQTT broker that can securely collect data from IoT sensors.
- Sensor Data Storage: The collected sensor data can be stored in a NoSQL database such as Amazon DynamoDB, which provides a scalable and managed database service. The sensor data can be stored in DynamoDB in a time-series format.
- Data Processing and Analysis: Data processing and analysis can be carried out by using AWS Lambda, which can be triggered by DynamoDB streams or AWS IoT Rules. AWS Lambda provides a serverless architecture that scales automatically and enables fast and efficient data processing.
- Real-time Data Visualization: The real-time data visualization can be done through a web application frontend, which can be developed using frameworks such as React or Angular. The frontend can be hosted on AWS Elastic Beanstalk, which provides an easy-to-use and scalable platform for deploying web applications.
- Load Balancing: AWS Elastic Load Balancing can be used to distribute traffic to multiple instances of the web application, ensuring scalability and availability.
- Security: AWS Identity and Access Management (IAM) can be used to manage access to AWS resources. It provides fine-grained access control to AWS services and resources.
- Monitoring and Logging: AWS CloudWatch can be used to monitor the system’s performance and to collect logs. It provides a unified view of application logs, system metrics, and alarms.
Overall, this architecture provides a scalable and reliable system for collecting, processing, analyzing, and visualizing IoT sensor data in real-time.